Tretinoin acne treatment


Tretinoin acne treatment

Tretinoin is a vitamin A derivative. It is generally prescribed against blackheads, whiteheads and comedonal acne. To know how to use it correctly, what are the side effects, the precautions and interactions, you must read these best articles about tretinoin for acne from the net. They will help you to decide whether this medication is good for you or not :

Tretinoin Top Uses

tretinoin acne treatmentThis medication is used to treat acne. It may decrease the number and severity of acne pimples and promote quick healing of pimples that do develop. Tretinoin belongs to a class of medications called retinoids. It works by affecting the growth of skin cells.

OTHER USES: This section contains uses of this drug that are not listed in the approved professional labeling for the drug but that may be prescribed by your health care professional. Use this drug for a condition that is listed in this section only if it has been so prescribed by your health care professional.

Other forms of this medication are used to improve the appearance of the skin and minimize fine wrinkles. Your doctor may also use this medication to treat other conditions.
How to use tretinoin Top

Read the Patient Information Leaflet if one is available from your pharmacist. Consult your doctor or pharmacist if you have questions.

Wash your hands before applying this medication. Gently clean the affected skin with a mild or soapless cleanser and pat dry. Use your fingertips to apply a small amount of medication (about the size of a pea) in a thin layer, usually once daily at bedtime or as directed by your doctor. A gauze pad or cotton swab can be used to apply the liquid. For some preparations, you should wait 20-30 minutes after cleaning your face before applying this medication. Consult the label directions, the Patient Information Leaflet, or your pharmacist if you have any questions.

Use this medication on the skin only. Do not apply to the inner lip area or inside the nose/mouth. Do not apply to cut, scraped, sunburned, or eczema-affected skin.

Avoid getting this medication in your eyes. If this medication gets into your eyes, flush with large amounts of water. Call your doctor if eye irritation develops. Wash your hands after using the medication to avoid accidentally getting it in your eyes.

During the first few weeks of using tretinoin, your acne might appear worse because the medication is working on pimples forming inside the skin. It may take up to 8-12 weeks to notice results from this medication.

Use it regularly in order to get the most benefit from it. To help you remember, use it at the same time each day. Do not use a larger amount or use it more frequently than recommended. Your skin will not improve any faster, and it will increase the risk of developing redness, peeling and pain.

This medication is available in different strengths and forms (e.g., gel, cream, solution). The best type of medication for you to use will depend on the condition of your skin and your response to therapy. Inform your doctor if your condition persists or worsens.

Tretinoin Top Side Effects

tretinoin acne treatmentA brief sensation of warmth or stinging may occur immediately after applying the medication. Skin redness, dryness, itching, scaling, mild burning, or worsening of acne may occur during the first 2-4 weeks of using the medication. These effects usually decrease with continued use. A daytime moisturizer may be helpful for excessive dry skin (see Notes).

If any of these effects persist or worsen, notify your doctor or pharmacist promptly. Your doctor may want you to decrease how often you use tretinoin, change the strength or type, or have you stop using it.

Remember that your doctor has prescribed this medication because he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects.

Notify your doctor if you experience: blistering, crusting, severe burning/swelling of the skin, eye redness and watering (conjunctivitis), eyelid swelling, skin discoloration.

A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is unlikely, but seek immediate medical attention if it occurs. Symptoms of a serious allergic reaction may include: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing.

This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.

In the US -

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

In Canada – Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.

Tretinoin Top Precautions

Before using tretinoin, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.

Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: eczema.

This medication may make you more sensitive to the sun. Avoid prolonged sun exposure, tanning booths, and sunlamps. Weather extremes such as wind or cold may also be irritating to the skin. Use a sunscreen daily, and wear protective clothing when outdoors. Wait until your skin has completely recovered from a sunburn before using tretinoin.

Avoid electrolysis, waxing and chemical depilatories for hair removal on the treated areas while using this product.

If you have recently used products containing sulfur, resorcinol or salicylic acid, use tretinoin with caution. Wait until the effects of such products on the skin have decreased before using tretinoin.

This medication is not recommended for use during pregnancy. Discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor.

It is not known whether this drug passes into breast milk. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding.

Tretinoin Top Interactions

tretinoin acne treatmentDrug interactions may change how your medications work or increase your risk for serious side effects. This document does not contain all possible drug interactions. Keep a list of all the products you use (including prescription/nonprescription drugs and herbal products) and share it with your doctor and pharmacist. Do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any medicines without your doctor’s approval.

Some products that may interact with this drug include: hair perming solutions, alcohol/lime/menthol-containing products (such as astringents, toners, shaving lotions), medicated or abrasive soaps and cleansers, products containing sulfur, resorcinol or salicylic acid, products containing alpha hydroxy acid, products containing glycolic acid, soaps and cosmetics with a strong drying effect, other drugs that may increase your sensitivity to sunlight (e.g., fluoroquinolones such as ciprofloxacin, tetracyclines, thiazide water pills such as hydrochlorothiazide, sulfa drugs such as sulfamethoxazole, phenothiazines such as chlorpromazine).

Benzoyl peroxide can be very irritating and may decrease the effectiveness of tretinoin if the two products are applied at the same time. Talk with your doctor or pharmacist about the safe use of prescription and non-prescription benzoyl peroxide products (e.g., Pro-Activ, Clearasil).

tretinoin Top Overdose

If overdose is suspected, contact your local poison control center or emergency room immediately. US residents can call the US national poison hotline at 1-800-222-1222. Canadian residents should call their local poison control center directly. This medicine may be harmful if swallowed. Symptoms of overdose may include excessive redness, peeling, and discomfort.

Do not share this medication with others.

Cosmetics may be used, but clean skin thoroughly before applying the medication.

Some cosmetics and soaps may worsen your acne. Moisturizers may be safe to use. When buying cosmetics, moisturizers or other skin care products, check the label for « non-comedogenic » or « non-acnegenic. » These products are unlikely to worsen your acne. Ask your doctor or pharmacist which products are safe to use. Remember, acne is not caused by dirt. Cleaning your skin too often or too vigorously can irritate your skin and worsen acne.

If you forget to use this medication, use it as soon as you remember if you remember the same day. If you don’t remember until morning, wait until your next dose is scheduled.

Store at room temperature between 59-77 degrees F (15-25 degrees C) away from light and moisture. Gel preparations are flammable. Do not expose to heat or fire sources. Do not smoke during use. Keep all medications away from children and pets.

Do not flush medications down the toilet or pour them into a drain unless instructed to do so. Properly discard this product when it is expired or no longer needed. Consult your pharmacist or local waste disposal company for more details about how to safely discard your product.


How to treat acne with tretinoin

Tretinoin is a derivative of vitamin A, the common name for tretinoin is retin A. it belongs to a group of retinoids. It is used to treat acne vulgaris, the most common form of acne.

How does it work?

tretinoin acne treatmentRetin-A functions by decreasing the size of sebaceous glands thus reducing sebum production. Excess amount of sebum is, of course, responsible for blocking pores, which lead acne breakouts in the form of comdones.

There are other benefits too. Retin A is a highly effective skin exfoliant and aids in skin cell renewal. By removing dead skin cells, there is less sebum produces because of fewer blocked pores. This of course would mean less oil and bacteria build up on the top layer of the skin as well.

By getting rid of dead skin cells at the top layer of the skin and revealing new skin, it helps to prevent the signs of aging. . This will also help to reduce the scarring cause by the acne. In effect, its treating both the cause of acne and remnants of the acne.

What forms of tretinoin is available for acne treatment?

Essentially, there are two different types of acne treatments available with tretinoin the principal ingredient. There is a retin A cream containing tretinoin and the retinoic acid (retin a).

Retin a cream

The retin a creams usually contain strength of 5%. A well known cream for acne treatment containing retin A goes by the name, Renova.

Retinoic acid

This again requires a doctor’s prescription. This is acid lotion and the prescription strength is again 5%.

What results can you expect?

Retin A (tretinoin) is one of the more effective acne removal treatments. At the 3-month point, there should be significant improvements to you appearance.

Unfortunately, most people experience worsening of the acne quite soon after starting treatment with retin a, but it usually follows with excellent results. The key here is that it requires some patience on the part of the user to derive results.

Side effects

Side effects of retin A (tretinoin) in most cases are relatively minor and do not impede people from using it. To best avoid the side effects of tretinoin it is highly recommended that you use it only in the nighttime.

Retin A can cause areas of the skin where it has been applied become very sensitive to the sun and, direct exposure to the sun can cause minor burns and skin peeling. If you are going out in the sun, wear a non-oily sun cream that will help to protect the skin from burns.

Warning: If you are planning to get pregnant or you already are, you should not use retin-A. There are some indications that retin A may cause damage to an unborn foetus or possibility of birth defects.

This is mostly based on theory rather than evidence, especially given that isetretinoin (accutane), which is also a retinoid, though more powerful with much greater potency and is more systemic because it is taken orally, is a no go area for women planning to get pregnant.

Logically, therefore, retin A should also be avoided in such scenario.

Minor side effects of Retin A

tretinoin acne treatmentHere are some side effects of retin A that people often live with because they don’t result in any adverse health conditions or any systemic damage and the effects are quite bearable.

*Reddish skin – this is a very likely scenario because of the strong acidic reaction with skin.

*Peeling – it’s a powerful exfoliant therefore there is often some localised peeling of the skin.

*Dry skin – Often cause as a result of the above.

Here are some side effects that can result in withdrawal:

*Skin becoming extremely red after application. This often prompts users to try an alternative acne treatment.

*Some people may have skin that is extremely sensitive to retin A, which results in great levels skin irritation and burning sensations. You may be able to ask your doctor to provide something to reduce the irritation and soothe the skin as long as it is non-oily.


Is Tretinoin an Effective Treatment for Acne?

Topical tretinoin for acne is the over-the-counter (or, more often, over the Internet) form of the best-known acne drug Retin-A. It is not as strong as prescription Retin-A, but sometimes it is exactly the right treatment for stubborn acne problems.


Topical tretinoin is the non-prescription form of Retin-A.
It is always best to start with lowest strength of topical tretinoin you can find, although most people have minimal problems with 0.05%.
Topical tretinoin is not recommended for children under the age of 12, or for women who are or who may become pregnant, or who are nursing.
Tretinoin topical is best for treating stubborn blackheads and pimples that are beginning to be covered over with skin.
Cleanse your skin 20 minutes before you put on tretinoin.
Use a pea-sized amount of gel (about 1-2 grams) that you apply to blemishes with clean fingers.
It is best to use tretinoin in the evening. If you use it during the day, avoid excessive sun.
Don’t buy products that combine tretinoin with a skin-lightening agent such as hydroquinone or mequinol. If you are concerned about brown spots left after acne treatment, use arbutin instead, especially if you have Asian, brown, or black skin.

What’s Special About Tretinoin?

tretinoin acne treatmentTretinoin is an acid form of vitamin A. When it is delivered to the skin in a gel, it stimulates normal maturation of cells in the epidermis of the skin. I the right does, it activates genes that cause them to live out a 21-day life cycle during which they are pushed to the surface of the skin. Assuming the problem in the skin was sluggish growth that kept pores tight and tough skin locked over blackheads, nodules, and cysts, stimulating the growth of the skin can be just the thing for hard-to-treat blackheads and small cysts.

Topical tretinoin is also a great treatment for blackheads on oily skin. Many people who have oily skin don’t have acne problems until they spend too much time in the sun. The heat and dryness of the sun makes the skin flake. Some of these flakes get stuck in pores, where they mix with oil. The pore cannot produce enough oil to bring both dead skin and excess oil to the surface, so it quickly fills and creates a hardened plug of sebum that oxidizes, and turns black, with exposure to air.

Tretinoin stimulates skin growth around the clogged pore. The pore opens naturally with squeezing, tweezing, picking, poking, steaming, or detergent treatment. The “floppier” your skin, the better the results you will get from topical tretinoin. Tight skin does not respond as well to tretinoin, but tight skin also is less prone to whiteheads and blackheads.

Gels made with tretinoin also also good for treating small, newly formed nodules and cysts that are covered with a transparent layer of skin. Encouraging the skin to grow around the nodule opens up the cyst without draining. If you have tough pink scar tissue over a knot, nodule, or cyst, however, the strength of tretinoin you can get over-the-counter probably won’t work.

What Topical Tretinoin Does Not Treat

There are some acne skin care problems that don’t respond well to non-prescription topical tretinoin. Any nodule, cyst, or ingrown hair that is old enough to be covered with pink skin probably will not respond to topical tretinoin. In fact, treatment could make the cyst or nodule worse. There could be just enough growth in the skin over an old cyst to make it redder and more noticeable, but not enough growth to make the skin open up and drain the infection.

Larger pimples take longer to respond to topical tretinoin. Stimulation of skin growth over the pimple temporarily makes it redder. More skin has to be stimulated for the pimple to drain. Smaller pimples on tight skin, on the other hand, often are healed more quickly with the right amount of tretinoin.

How to Use Topical Tretinoin

Non-prescription tretinoin comes in 0.01%, 0.02%, 0.025%, 0.375%, 0.04%, 0.05%, and 0.10% strength. You will most commonly find the 0.05% strength offered on the Internet. Even the 0.01% strength of this drug is considered too strong for children under the age of 12. Like all other medicated skin gels and creams, it is always best to start with the lowest available strength product and increase strength every time you get another tube, to make sure it does not cause unacceptable irritation to your skin.

There is a tretinoin lotion called Renova, but this is primarily a treatment for sun-damaged skin. There are also tretinoin creams, but they can clog pores. Gels are best. Most people experience some irritation when they use the 0.05% product, but they can adjust the amount they use so that any side effects are minimal.

It is essential to cleanse the skin before applying topical tretinoin. It is never a good idea, whether you are using topical tretinoin or not, to clean the skin with a bar of soap wrapped in a washcloth or with a detergent that makes big, foamy bubbles. Washcloths are abrasive, causing tiny cracks in the skin, and soap bubbles can pull apart the skin where the edges of the bubbles touch the skin.

You don’t want to use a strong soap or a literal scrub to loosen up your skin. You want to use tretinoin to stimulate the growth of the skin so it accomplishes its own loosening. Wait 20 minutes after you have used a mild cleanser and rinsed it off, and, with clean fingers, apply a pea-sized amount of gel to the skin you want to treat. Don’t get the gel in your mouth or your eyes. Let the tretinoin dry on your skin, and wait another 20 minutes before applying makeup or sunscreen.

Sun and Tretinoin

The strengths of tretinoin you can get without a prescription won’t make your skin especially sensitive to sunlight. Even so, it is best to use tretinoin in the evening. If you use tretinoin in the morning, take care not to burn. Apply at least SPF-15 sunscreen even if you have black skin, and up to SPF-70 sunscreen if you have fair skin and you are going out in strong sun.

Some formulations of over-the-counter tretinoin include skin lighteners to treat the browning that can be left behind as acne heals. Most of these products are a really bad idea if you have Asian, brown, or black skin. Asian skin, in particular, may react badly to treatment with products that contain a combination of tretinoin and the skin-lightening agent hydroquinone. Sometimes this combination is fine, but sometimes it causes a skin reaction that leaves permanent black and blue marks on the skin, especially at the tip of the nose, sides of the cheeks, and on the ears.

When tretinoin is combined with another lightening agent known as mequinol, treated skin may look very pale. This is undesirable if you have fair skin, but it is completely unacceptable if you have brown or black skin. If you have colored skin, don’t use either mequinol or hydroquinone on your skin. It is a lot safer to use a separate skin treatment with arbutin to prevent pigmentation after tretinoin has helped you clear up blemishes.


Tretinoin is a long-term acne treatment. So it may take some time to see results, but I hope you had enough informations with these articles about tretinoin for acne to decide if it’s for you or not.

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